Add Trauma to problem profiles.
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) impact health as well as behavior to such a degree that a high ACE score can shorten life for up to 20 years. The economic toll estimated is $124 billion. The effects of trauma on society are huge and complex: intergenerational circles of violence, associations with political extremism, addiction, etc. Parenting and anti-violence trainings, advocacy, financial support as well as mental health services need to be tested in their efficacy for preventing ACEs from happening, as well as reducing their impact. more info: http://vetoviolence.cdc.gov/apps/aces/